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Maths - British Curriculum - Year 1 & Year 2

(Ages 5-7)

The principal focus of mathematics teaching at the British Learning Centre in Key Stage 1 is to ensure that pupils develop confidence and mental fluency with whole numbers, counting and place value. This involves working with numerals, words and the four operations, including the use of practical resources (for example, concrete objects and measuring tools). At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to recognise, describe, draw, compare and sort different shapes and use the related vocabulary.


Teaching at the British Learning Centre also involves using a range of measures to describe and compare different quantities such as length, mass, capacity/volume, time and money. By the end of Year 2 (age 7), pupils should know the number bonds to 20 and be precise in using and understanding place value. An emphasis on practice at this early stage will aid fluency. Pupils should read and spell mathematical vocabulary, at a level consistent with their increasing word reading and spelling knowledge at Key Stage 1.

Year 1

(Ages 5-6)

British Learning Centre Programme of Study Objectives:

Number and Place Value

- count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number

- count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals; count in multiples of twos, fives and tens

- be given a number, identify one more and one less

- identify and represent numbers using objects and pictorial representations including the number line, and use the language of: equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most, least

- read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and words

Number - Addition and Subtraction

- read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (–) and equals (=) signs

- represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20

- add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20, including zero

- solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems such as 7 = – 9

Number - Multiplication and Division

- solve one-step problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher

Number - Fractions

- recognise, find and name a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity

- recognise, find and name a quarter as one of four equal parts of an object, shape or quantity


- compare, describe and solve practical problems for: lengths and heights [for example, long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/half]; mass/weight [for example, heavy/light, heavier than, lighter than]; capacity and volume [for example, full/empty, more than, less than, half, half full, quarter]; time [for example, quicker, slower, earlier, later]

- measure and begin to record the following: lengths and heights; mass/weight; capacity and volume; time (hours, minutes, seconds)

- recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes

- sequence events in chronological order using language [for example, before and after, next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon and evening]

- recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years

- tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.

Geometry - Properties of Shapes

- recognise and name common 2-D and 3-D shapes, including: 2-D shapes [for example, rectangles (including squares), circles and triangles]; 3-D shapes [for example, cuboids (including cubes), pyramids and spheres]

Geometry - Position and Direction

- describe position, direction and movement, including whole, half, quarter and three-quarter turns

Year 2

(Ages 6-7)

British Learning Centre Programme of Study Objectives:

Number and Place Value

- count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward and backward

- recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (tens, ones)

- identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line

- compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use and = signs

- read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words

- use place value and number facts to solve problems

Number - Addition and Subtraction

- Solve problems with addition and subtraction: using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures; applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods

- recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100

- add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including: a two-digit number and ones; a two-digit number and tens; two two-digit numbers; adding three one-digit numbers

- show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot

- recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems

Number - Multiplication and Division

- recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers

- calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (×), division (÷) and equals (=) signs

- show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannot

- solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts

Number - Fractions

- recognise, find, name and write fractions 1/3, ¼ , 2/4 and ¾ of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity

- write simple fractions for example, ½ of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and ½

Number - Measurement

- choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels

- compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =

- recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value

- find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money

- solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change

- compare and sequence intervals of time

- tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times

- know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day

Geometry - Properties of Shape

- identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line

- identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces

- identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes, [for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid]

- compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects

Geometry - Position and Direction

- order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences

- use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anticlockwise)

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